Why the Federal Reserve Will Fail
Monday, 20 September 2021
Why the Federal Reserve Will Fail
Why the Federal Reserve Will Fail - News this week is dominated by what is being referred to as ‘China’s Lehman Brothers moment’. Property developer Evergrande shares are plummeting as there is no word from Beijing about a bail out package as yet. Finally, we are seeing this volatility spill over into other markets with the ASX down by 2% on Monday and iron ore futures getting crushed.
Gold and silver have been caught up in the chaos with a flight to safety heading towards the US dollar, for now. Gold seems quite steady in $AUD terms above $2,400 and silver is caught up in the panic, down circa 6% in recent days and perhaps an opportunity for those waiting for a dip.
The question will be: what sort of bail out package will China come up with? As no doubt they cannot let Evergrande go under completely. Many state-owned enterprises will be most likely called upon to provide some level of safety net. For local precious metal investors, keep an eye on the AUD/USD which is coming under a lot of pressure.
Apart from the Evergrande story, the other major focus is on the Federal Reserve ‘tapering’ back its bond buying program. We explain below why investors shouldn’t take the threat of tighter monetary policy too seriously.
There’s no turning back for the Fed
One common theme or problem with financial media, is that a lot of the time they only ever report on what Federal Reserve officials say. They never question what was said, or even provide the slightest opinion on the matter. Central Banks are seen as the experts, so no matter what they say it must be correct, right? Well, maybe not. Many Central Bank members have appalling track records when it comes to forecasting interest rates or major economic events. Just look at Bernanke in the few years preceding the GFC. They are wrong just as often as they are right, so why do we take their words as gospel?
The latest fixation of financial markets (and one that is hurting gold and silver prices currently) is the belief that the Fed can start tapering back its bond buying program with the eventual goal of taking QE away permanently and normalising interest rates.
The truth is, if we look back on the last decade, for the vast majority of it, the Fed has been talking about normalising interest rates and ending QE the entire time. Yet here we are today with interest rates at zero and a Fed balance sheet that has swelled to almost $9 Trillion US dollars.
Federal Reserve Balance Sheet
If we take a look back at some of the headlines over the last decade, we can see that the experiment of Quantitative Easing (QE) was created to only be a temporary solution. See for reference some of the snippets from financial media since 2009:
2009 – CNN - “Fed will raise rates in 2011”
2012 – CNN - “Fed will raise rates in 2014”
2013 – CNN - “Fed may stop stimulus entirely in 2014”
2015 – “Finally – Fed Raises Rates!”
We are constantly bombarded with messages and warnings from the Federal Reserve that stimulus will one day end, and interest rates will rise. But they are starting to sound like the boy who cried wolf.
Finally, after talking about it since 2009, the Fed did manage to raise interest rates temporarily in the period between 2015 and 2019, however it did not shrink its balance sheet in a meaningful way during this time, and it had to quickly reverse course as the economy started slowing as a result. It was actually in 2019, before the covid crisis, when the US economy started slowing and the Fed was forced to cut rates from 2.5% to 1.5% in response. Many would forget this period as it was overshadowed by the covid crisis in 2020 where rates were cut instantly back to 0%.
Federal Reserve Funds Rate (2012 – 2021)
By the time the Fed had given up on this latest rate hike cycle, the Covid crisis hadn’t even happened yet. Nonetheless it was obvious that higher interest rates across the economy could not be handled by the enormous debt levels that were built up since the GFC. We already had the answer that The Fed couldn’t normalise rates in 2019, so why is everyone so petrified about the coming tapering? The Fed cannot tighten monetary policy in a meaningful way with the US debt/GDP ratio at the highest point in history.
US Government debt approaching $30Trillion
The whole idea or concept described by Fed economists; of using monetary and fiscal stimulus in times of crisis then simply reversing course when the economy is strong, is a false science. It’s not that simple. Personal, household, corporate and government debt levels build up so quickly during a stimulus cycle that you cannot simply wind back the stimulus without creating a credit crunch and major economic crisis as a result. They might slow down their QE program in the short term, but QE is here to stay. It has become an integral component that prevents the US economy from collapsing under its own debt burden.
The balance sheet of the Fed is never going back to zero. QE is not a temporary solution to an economic problem; it has become a permanent life support system.
So, here’s what will happen. The Fed may taper, but only temporarily. The Fed may raise interest rates slightly, but again, only temporarily. The next attempt to tighten monetary policy and to normalise interest rates on a permanent basis will end in the same result. It’s either an economic depression that results, or Central Banks once again change their course and head back to zero or negative rates once more. The sooner people realise this, the sooner they can stop being scared by the never-ending headlines about Fed tightening that is supposedly coming in a year or two, like the one below:
2021- CNBC - “Two rate hikes coming by end of 2023”
Until next week,
Guardian Gold Sydney
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